Further reading – Weiterlesen 2



Yemen – Index


Yemen Images 1





War in Yemen: More Links 3


Krieg im Jemen: Weitere Links 3



4.4.2015 – WDAM

Saudis move tanks, troops to tense border with Yemen – by CNN



4.4.2015 – Global Research

Saudi Airstrikes against Yemen Use Weapons “Made in Israel”

“The Saudis are using Israeli weapons in their raids on Yemen,” Yemeni Army Commander Taher Rasoul Zadami told FNA on Thursday. He pointed to the Saudi supports for Al-Qaeda terrorists in Yemen



4.4.2015 – Frankfurter Allgemeine

Sicherheitsrat beruft Krisensitzung zu Jemen ein

Russland fordert im höchsten Gremium der Vereinten Nationen eine Feuerpause. Die Staaten werden auch über ein mögliches Waffenembargo gegen die Houthis beraten. Die Meinungen darüber gehen auseinander

http://www.faz.net/aktuell/politik/ausland/naher-osten/saudische-luftangriffe-sicherheitsrat-beruft-krisensitzung-zu-jemen-ein-13521698.html dazu http://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/jemen-297.html


3.4.2015 – UPI

U.N.: over 500 killed in Yemen thus far

Electricity, water and medicine is in short supply – by Ed Adamczyk



3.4.2015 – New Republic

The Yemen Conflict Isn't a Sectarian War—Yet

Viewing the conflict in Yemen through this narrow sectarian prism oversimplifies the complex political landscape within Yemen. More importantly, framing the conflict in terms of Sunni vs. Shia can be a self-fulfilling prophecy. In the current cold war going on in the Middle East, between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shiite Iran, it could force armed actors to entrench themselves further on one side of the divide. The Houthis practice a form of Shiite Islam—Zaydism—that exists almost exclusively in Yemen and is closer to Sunni Islam than the Twelver Shiism dominant in Iran. Most Yemeni Sunnis belong to a branch known as Shafii. Stephen W. Day, a Yemen expert and author of Regionalism and Rebellion in Yemen, argues that the conflict is defined mostly by regional and tribal divisions within Yemen. “Across history the Zaydi-Shafii distinction is actually a regional political division between influential groups in mountain highlands on one hand, and all others,” Day said. “Yemenis in all regions ... feel that current fighting has less to do with Zaydi-Shafii than traditional highland mountain people asserting their dominance over others.”

Adam Baron, a visiting fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations who reported from Yemen for several years, agrees that sectarianism has not been a driving factor in Yemen’s domestic power struggles. “There has always been some sectarian element to the conflict, but it's been comparatively minor when it comes to fueling the current morass,” he said in an email. Over the last several decades, Saudi behavior in northern Yemen—where most Zaydis live—played a significant role in the rise of the Houthis. To spread their influence in the Arabian Peninsula, the Saudis started supporting conservative Wahhabi/Salafi schools and mosques, provoking a Zaydi revivalist response. Baron said that “the import of sectarian, hardline Sunni ideologies had a part in birthing the Houthi movement. But the more the Saudi coalition treats the Houthis—who, it should be noted, have been fighting in alliance with Saleh-loyal Sunni military units and tribesman—like Iranian proxies, the greater the chance this conflict will turn into a protracted sectarian war.



3.4.2015 – The Times of India

Indians back from Yemen recount tales of horror

Constant sound of gunfire and bombing and visits by militiamen -even in hospitals - who threatened people with abduction and death are firmly etched in the memory of many shaken survivors who reached their home early Thursday morning after their dramatic evacuation from Yemen. Mariamma Varughese, a 36-year-old nurse from Panvel, recounted how Houthi rebels approached her with a live bomb, threatening to explode it. ariamma's hospital was bombed four days ago, during which time, all the nurses and other staff were holed up in another section of the damaged building, hearing machine guns and explosions. Latha Munappan (28), who was employed as an X-ray technician in a private hospital in Aden, said the past 21 days had been the most horrifying experience of her life.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Indians-back-from-Yemen-recount-tales-of-horror/articleshow/46789108.cms dazu http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/Bombs-and-Bullets-Everywhere-Yemen-Evacuees-Recall-Days-of-Horror/2015/04/03/article2746025.ece


3.4.2015 – Global Research

“Destroying Nation After Nation”: American Hell for Yemen

The U.S.-spawned whirlwind of carnage and destruction has wrecked the societies of Iraq, Libya, Syria, Somalia and Yemen, yet most Americans feel themselves blameless. “The people, the corporate media and the political system all accept that their government has the right to intervene in the affairs of other nations and that it is always right and moral in its claims.” They behave like zombified cogs in an imperial death machine.

“American imperialism and the war of terror unleashed on that region are ultimately at fault and continue to destroy nation after nation.” t is true that Saudi Arabia bombed Houthi positions and threatens to start a ground invasion with the help of Egypt. Both of these countries are American client states and would not contemplate these actions without having a green light from Washington. In its zeal to have and maintain hegemony the United States resorts to brute force and supports others who do likewise. To say that Barack Obama and his Oval Office predecessors made a mess of the Middle East is the very definition of understatement. Because America’s goals are never benevolent its policies lurch from one awful decision to the next with human suffering being the only common denominator. The chaos makes sense only when the true nature of American foreign policy is acknowledged. The shifting alliances and seemingly strange bedfellows are part of the longstanding doctrine of Manifest Destiny. Manifest Destiny asserts that the United States has the right to expand its reach anywhere it wants to. – by Margaret Kimberley



3.4.2015 – Daily Sabah

Yemen: Searching for a sign of peace

Being a cradle of some of the world's oldest civilizations, Yemen has not been able to establish a stable political structure for almost a century due to its divided groups. Now, the country is experiencing another bloody civil conflict followed by yet another foreign intervention – by Ekrem Buga Ekinci



3.4.2015 – Los Angeles Times

Yemen capital, Sana, is a city on edge amid airstrikes

Airstrikes roar like thunder through the early mornings, mixing with the clatter of antiaircraft fire and the enormous boom of secondary explosions when weapons dumps are hit. No one gets much sleep; people are haggard and haunted. The strikes usually recommence in the afternoons. Everyone is on edge, and arguments, especially those about politics, often degenerate into shouting and sometimes even fisticuffs. People angrily accuse one another of being traitors either over sympathy with the Houthis or support for Saudi Arabia's military campaign – by Al-Alayaa



2.4.2015 – Truthdig

Saudi Scholar: ‘Yemen Has Not Shot a Single Bullet at the Saudi Government’

Ali al-Ahmed, executive director of the Institute for Gulf Affairs, a human rights advocacy think tank, explains why the U.S.-supported, Saudi-led attack on Yemen is a blatant act of illegal aggression. Al-Ahmed is interviewed by Stanley Heller on Heller’s Struggle Video News

http://www.truthdig.com/avbooth/item/yemen_has_not_shot_a_single_bullet_at_the_saudi_government_20150402 = https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tjJG1b5hD2Q


2.4.2015 – Vocativ

The Mysterious Saudi Prince Leading The War In Yemen

Mohammed bin Salman, Saudi Arabia's young and untested defense minister, is a favored royal son, with a PR campaign to match. As questions about Prince Mohammed grow, at least one thing is clear, observers say. He’s emerged as one of the most influential players in the House of Saud, and likely the youngest to yield any real influence. After ascending to the Saudi throne in January, his father, King Salman, moved swiftly to consolidate power, appointing the prince to three key cabinet posts.



2.4.2015 – Human Rights Watch

Yemen: Airstrike on Camp Raises Grave Concerns

“The deaths of so many civilians in a camp with no apparent military target heightens concerns about laws-of-war violations,” said Joe Stork, deputy Middle East and North Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “All sides in Yemen’s conflict need to do what they can to avoid harming civilians.”  full investigation is needed to determine whether the airstrikes on the camp violated the requirement under the laws of war for attacks to be directed at a legitimate military target, Human Rights Watch said. The laws of war, which apply to the armed conflict in Yemen, prohibit attacks that target civilians or civilian property. “All countries participating in the camp attack, and that could include the US, have an obligation to investigate possible laws-of-war violations,” Stork said. “The US needs to make sure that the coalition it is supporting is taking the necessary precautions to avoid civilian loss of life and property.”


Schwach. HRW stellt sich nicht grundsätzlich gegen die Aggressoren. Die hier vorgebrachte Kritik ist butterweich.


2.4.2015 – Frankfurter Allgemeine

Houthi-Rebellen stürmen Präsidentenpalast

Die Houthi-Rebellen haben den Palast des Präsidenten in Aden gestürmt, obwohl dieser schon seit Tagen in saudischen Riad ist. Al Qaida nutzte die Kämpfe in dem Land, um Kampfgefährten aus einem Gefängnis zu befreien.



2.4.2015 – Spiegel Online

Kämpfe im Jemen: Panzer rollen durch die Straßen Adens

In Aden tobt der Kampf um die Herrschaft im Jemen. Die Hafenstadt ist die letzte Bastion der Anhänger des geflohenen Präsidenten Hadi, die Huthi-Milizen sollen wichtige Viertel erobert haben.



2.4.2015 – Hindustan Times

Yemen evacuations hit as Saudis block airport access

Efforts to evacuate Indians out of war-hit Yemen suffered a setback on Thursday after Saudi Arabia declined access to the airport of Sana’a, the national capital. “The skies are not safe. Saudi Arabia has conveyed that it needs to neutralise the Cartouche missiles available with the Houthi rebels,” an MEA official told HT. Of the 4,000-odd Indians stranded in Yemen, 3100 are in Sana’a – by Harinder Baweja



2.4.2015 – The Nation

A Call to Resist Saudi (and US) Aggression in Yemen

This invasion pits billionaire royal elites of the Gulf—and their US and Arab League supporters—against the downtrodden people of Yemen. … Already protected by the colossal presence in the Persian Gulf of US air and naval installations, the oil-rich Kingdom of Saudi Arabia owns the world’s largest arsenal (on a per capita basis) of advanced American, British and German arms. It is the largest purchaser of British weapons, and a major customer for leading US military companies like Lockheed Martin, Raytheon and General Dynamics. NATO powers have for many years embraced a guns-for-oil pact with the Kingdom and fellow royal families of the Gulf … Saudi Arabia opposed Yemeni unification in 1990, cheered on Southern secessionists during the 1994 civil war and funded Salafi mosques and schools throughout the country. In fact, it was the ostentation of a large Saudi-funded Salafi institute in the town of Dammaj in Saada province that sparked the local Zaydi revivalist movement initially called the “Believing Youth,” but now known as Ansar Allah, or simply the Houthis

   After the 2011 uprising in Yemen, the GCC negotiated with its erstwhile client Ali Abdullah Saleh to surrender power to his lackluster vice president, Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi, in exchange for a sweet deal that gave Saleh immunity from prosecution for his brutality against peaceful protesters, corruption, nepotism and other crimes. Moreover, it left him at large as leader of his General People’s Congress (GPC), which in turn retained its parliamentary majority. The so-called GCC Initiative, backed by Western powers, specified a hastily arranged one-candidate referendum in 2012 that installed Hadi for a two-year term as transitional president. The GCC, UN special envoy Jamal Benomar and Western donors took it upon themselves to fund, orchestrate and advise a National Dialogue Conference of about 565 delegates … The objectives of the GCC Initiative, by contrast, were to quell mass popular protests by ushering Saleh from the presidential palace without implementing genuine regime change by holding competitive elections for either the presidency or parliament. The transition period lingered past Hadi’s two-year term and the deadline for completion of the Dialogue … Protesting the violence unleashed by Operation Decisive Storm should in no way imply support for the Houthis over other contenders for power in Sana, Aden or the rest of the country. In fact, the Houthis have tortured civilians to crack down on dissent, which is breeding enemies in Sana, and especially beyond the Zaydi heartland. They face strong popular resistance in Ta’iz and especially in Aden and the rest of the South. … – by Sheila Carapico



2.4.2015 – The Guardian

Water scarcity in Yemen: the country's forgotten conflict

The capital Sana’a might run out of water as soon as 2017, but what feasible solutions exist with the country on the brink of war? The headlines do not reveal the part that water plays in this crisis:13 million Yemenis – 50% of the population – struggle daily to find or buy enough clean water to drink or grow food. As a result 14.7 million Yemenis currently depend on humanitarian aid – by Frederika Whitehead



2.4.2015 – Tagesschau 24

„Nicht nur ein Religionskrieg“

Ist der Konflikt im Jemen ein Religionskrieg zwischen Schiiten und Sunniten? Nicht nur, sagt der Nahost-Experte Fürtig im Interview mit tagesschau24. Geostrategische Motive wie die Kontrolle über die Hafenstadt Aden spielten eine wichtige Rolle.



2.4.2015 – Tagesschau

300 Häftlinge auf freiem Fuß: Al Kaida stürmt Gefängnis im Jemen

http://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/jemen-277.html auch http://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2015-04/jemen-al-kaida-befreiung-gefaengnis und http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/03/world/middleeast/yemen-al-qaeda-attack.html?_r=0

2.4.2015 – Euractiv

Saudi-Arabiens Luftangriffe verschärfen Destabilisierung des Jemen

Die Luftangriffe der von Saudi-Arabien geführten Koalition auf Jemen werden die humanitäre Lage in dem Land verschlimmern und al-Qaida stärken. SWP Forscherin Mareike Transfeld erörtert die Hintergründe des Konflikts sowie Voraussetzungen für eine politische Lösung



2.4.2015 – Der Freitag

Aus der Traum

USA Für Drohnen-Einsätze und Elitesoldaten bot der Jemen ein geeignetes Terrain – bis die Huthis kamen . Schon viele US-Regierungen haben versucht, im Treibsand der jemenitischen Kalamitäten Fuß zu fassen. Zuletzt ging es vorrangig um das Netzwerk „Al Qaida auf der Arabischen Halbinsel“, dem laut US-Heimatschutzbehörde gefährlichsten Al Qaida-Ableger in Nahost. Obama stellte sich 2012 hinter den mit 99,8 Prozent ohne Gegenkandidaten gewählten Präsidenten Hadi und ließ Waffen für ein paar hundert Millionen Dollar verschicken. US-Ausbilder sollten Hadi beim Aufbau einer speziellen Anti-Terror-Einheit beistehen. Im Jemen stationierte Elitesoldaten der Special Operations Forces lieferten angeblich elektronische Überwachungsdaten an die nationalen Streitkräfte. Von ihrem Drohnen-Stützpunkt bei Al Huta in der südjemenitischen Provinz Lahij griffen die US-Spezialeinheiten im Verbund mit der CIA vermeintliche Al-Qaida-Positionen an … Der Zerfall des irrtümlich guten Verbündeten führt in Washington erwartungsgemäß zu Kritik an Obama. Politische Gegner sprechen von Orientierungslosigkeit und hängen gern dem Wunschdenken an, die USA könnten doch in einem schwachen Staat wie dem Jemen bestimmen, wo es lang geht – von Konrad Ege



2.4.2015 – Der Freitag

Jemen: Tor der Tränen

Die Huthis sind keine willfährigen Kreaturen des Iran. Sie haben eine eigene Agenda Riad ist einmal mehr auf dem Sprung von der Regional- zur nahöstlichen Führungsmacht, um die abwartende Vorsicht der USA im Jemen zu kompensieren. Auch wenn sie die Luftangriffe logistisch unterstützen, fühlen sich die Amerikaner diesmal nicht zur diensthabenden Ordnungsmacht berufen – der jemenitische Konflikt hat das Zeug zum afghanischen Desaster. … Zweifel sind angebracht, ob der Iran als Mentor und Mäzen den Huthi-Vormarsch befördert und Saudi-Arabien deshalb die Arabische Liga um sich schart. Welchen Sinn sollte es haben, den verjagten jemenitischen Präsidenten Rabbo Mansur Hadi wieder ins Amt zu bomben, wenn ihm das eigene Militär kaum mehr folgt? Statt des unsichtbaren Arms aus Teheran dürfte es König Salman und andere Golf-Potentaten mehr umtreiben, dass die Ansar Allah (Helfer Gottes), wie sich die Huthi-Kämpfer nennen, inzwischen das Gebiet an der Meerenge von Bab al-Mandab eingenommen haben. So beherrschen sie die Zufahrt zum Suez-Kanal … Wohl erkennen die Vereinten Nationen Mansur Hadi noch als jemenitischen Präsidenten an, doch seine Legitimation wird schwinden, sollte er als Domestik der Saudis politisch überleben … Mit dem Eingreifen Saudi-Arabiens und den Beschlüssen der Arabischen Liga in Sharm al-Sheikh wird der Bürgerkrieg im Jemen zu einem internationalen Konflikt ausgeweitet. Doch wäre es ein Trugschluss, vom irrlichternden Phänomen eines Stellvertreter-Krieges zu sprechen, um zu deuten, was geschieht. Vielmehr wird durch eine Aggression Völkerrecht verletzt und der Tod unbeteiligter Zivilisten verschuldet. Eine Allianz autokratisch regierter Staaten maßt sich an, über die Zukunft des Jemen zu entscheiden. – von Lutz Herden



1.4.2015 – Consortium News

Yemen as Vietnam or Afghanistan

With U.S. intelligence help, Saudi Arabia has launched air strikes into Yemen and wants Egypt and Pakistan to invade, threatening to turn a long-simmering civil war into a regional conflict, a scenario that reminded retired U.S. diplomat William R. Polk of his work for President Kennedy on an earlier Yemeni war. It is hard to believe that history now seems to be repeating with Egypt and Saudi Arabia again engaged in a counter-guerrilla war in Yemen! For Nasser, it was Egypt’s Vietnam. Will the new Yemen war be Egypt’s (and Saudi Arabia’s) Afghanistan? I think it is very likely. All of the signs point in that direction. And, as I have laid out in numerous essays on Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Somalia, Mali and Algeria, and in my little book Violent Politics, guerrilla wars are almost never “won” but usually drain the supposedly dominant power of its wealth, moral position and political unity   – by former US-diplomat William R. Polk



1.4.2015 – NPR

Understanding The Forces At Play In Yemen's Civil War

Steve Inskeep talks to Adam Baron, of the European Council on Foreign Relations, about why it's wrong to define it as a sectarian conflict. This is treated as a sectarian battle between Iran-backed Shia and Saudi Arabia-backed Sunnis. But really, when you look at the essence of Yemen's problem, that's not really it. You have plenty of Yemeni Sunnis who are siding with the Houthis in this case. Particularly, you have branches of the Yemeni military that are largely Sunni that are fighting on the side of the Houthis. And when you look at why the Houthis have gained this support, it's largely due to non-religious issues. there's always this tendency to simplify things, and I think you're also seeing people kind of - because there's such a minimal knowledge of Yemen, among even many policymakers in the States, you're seeing people kind of impose their stereotypes and their visions of the region onto Yemen without working to really understand what is effectively a very complicated and largely localized conflict.

So what you had before was a - very much a political conflict. It was about who is going to rule Yemen in which way. It was about who's getting what, about whether - the Houthis wanting their seat at the table, other people not wanting to give up some of their power. It was effectively different local groups fighting for control, fighting in combination with the tribal turf war in many parts of Yemen. But effectively, this is a very local conflict. Now what you have is Saudi Arabia and the rest of the coalition coming in and making what was a local turf war into a regional religious battle. And that's something that makes the conflict in Yemen, which was already something that was very combustible, into something that's even more dangerous. … The Houthis have always had a certain degree of ties with Iran. That being said, there's been a great degree of exaggeration of these ties. The Houthis are glad to have Iran's political support. They're glad have some financial and military support. But when it comes down to it, it's not as if the Houthis were created by Iran, and further, it's not as if the Houthis are being controlled by Iran. This is a group that is rooted in local Yemeni issues, and its actions are fundamentally rooted in the decisions of its local Yemeni leaders … I think the absolute necessity of U.S. policymakers and European policymakers at this point is to do everything in their power to stop this conflict from escalating and get all sides back to the negotiating table. The only way this will end in a way that is not absolutely disastrous for Yemen and potentially the region is if this conflict is ended quickly. 



1.4.2015 – The Citizen

Critical shortage of medical personnel in Yemen

More medical supplies and trained health personnel are urgently needed in Yemen as the violence there escalates, but bringing in this essential support is currently impossible, Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said on Tuesday



1.4.2015 – Neue Züricher Zeitung

Die gefährlichen Interventionisten vom Golf

Die von Saudiarabien angeführte Militärintervention in Jemen, die in der Nacht auf den 26. März mit Luftangriffen begann, ist das jüngste Beispiel für die neue Regionalpolitik der Golfstaaten nach dem Arabischen Frühling. Von der Weltöffentlichkeit eher unbeachtet, haben die Golfstaaten eine neue, proaktive Aussenpolitik entwickelt. … Libyen ist ein Paradebeispiel dafür, welche Konsequenzen solche Interventionen haben können und wie persönliche Rivalitäten zwischen Herrscherfamilien am Golf die Aussenpolitiken einzelner Golfstaaten beeinflussen. … De facto geht es aber weniger um eine Lösung für Jemens Probleme als darum, zu verhindern, dass eine antisaudische Bewegung zur stärksten Gruppierung in Jemen wird. Gleichzeitig können die Golfstaaten und ihre sunnitischen Alliierten hier ihre militärische Kooperation erproben. Denn schon jetzt ist die Intervention in Jemen von historischer Bedeutung: Noch nie haben die Golfstaaten so offen mit eigenen Armeen in einem anderen Land interveniert – von Toby Mathiesen



1.4.2015 – Deutsche Welle

Was Sie über den Krieg im Jemen wissen sollten

Wer kämpft im Jemen gegen wen? Was wollen die Huthi-Rebellen? Welche Rolle spielt die Terrororganisation Al-Kaida? Was können die Luftschläge der arabischen Staaten ausrichten? Ein Überblick.

Die gängige Darstellung lautet: Saudi-Arabien und weitere Länder unterstützen den international anerkannten Präsidenten Abd-Rabbu Mansur Hadi mit Luftschlägen gegen Huthi-Milizen. Tatsächlich aber wird der Bürgerkrieg durch mehrere, quer verlaufende Konfliktlinien bestimmt. So sind Armee und Verwaltung der Zentralregierung gespalten: Ein Großteil unterstützt nicht den nach Saudi-Arabien geflohenen Hadi, sondern ist nach wie vor loyal gegenüber dem 2012 gestürzten langjährigen Diktator Ali Abdullah Saleh, der sich auf die Seite der Huthi geschlagen hat.

Gespalten ist auch die Gesellschaft im 1990 aus Nord- und Südjemen wiedervereinigten Land: Im einstmals sozialistischen Süden fühlen sich viele Bürger gegenüber dem Norden benachteiligt und unterstützen die Sezessionsbewegung. Hier verfügt auch "Al-Kaida auf der arabischen Halbinsel" (AQAP) über starke Strukturen



1.4.2015 – The Guardian

Crisis in Yemen – the Guardian briefing

Proxy war in country between Saudi Arabia and Iran will fuel wider instability unless power-sharing can be agreed upon. The Arab world’s poorest and most misunderstood country has been facing multiple crises for years: a shortage of oil and water, a rapidly growing population, hunger, dictatorship, corruption, an international terrorist presence and deep internal regional and political differences. Now escalating regional rivalry between neighbouring Saudi Arabia and Iran has sparked a wider war that threatens chaos and possible collapse. – by Ian Black



1.4.2015 – Telesur

Yemen Civilian Causalities Soaring, Says UN
Civilian casualties in Yemen are spiraling out of control amid a Saudi Arabian-led intervention, top United Nations officials warned Tuesday. The troubled nation is “on the verge of collapse,” according to U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein. “The situation in Yemen is extremely alarming, with dozens of civilians killed over the past four days.”



1.4.2015 – Reuters

European Union says war in Yemen having alarming impact on civilians

The effect, particularly on children, was "reaching alarming proportions and exacerbating an already dire humanitarian situation", EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini and humanitarian aid commissioner Christos Stylianides said. "The attacks on hospitals and medical facilities by warring factions as well as the deliberate targeting and destruction of private homes, education facilities and basic infrastructure cannot be tolerated," they said in a statement. "We call on all parties to ensure the protection of civilians and avoid the direct targeting of civilian infrastructure."



1.4.2015 – Sydney Morning Herald

The ancient treasure of Sana'a in Yemen: One of the world's most beautiful cities is being bombed

Inhabited continuously for more than 2500 years, and connected to the civilisations of the Bible and Koran, the old city of Sana'a in Yemen is an architectural and cultural jewel. It is also under attack, with the possibility the UNESCO World Heritage site could suffer the same fate as Syria's Aleppo, where fierce fighting has devastated its population and cultural treasures. Australian photographer Rod Waddington, who visited Yemen in 2013, fears a tragedy: "It would be major; it's like what ISIS is doing in Northern Iraq, destroying all of the sights." Following are a selection of images from Mr Waddington and UNESCO portraying a country he describes as one of the most photogenic in the world. With film: Destructions at Sanaa, people speaking



31.3.2015 – offguardian

Yemen, Where the Enemy of Your Enemy Is Also Your Enemy

Houthi dominance is hardly dangerous, but Riyadh’s ambitions may destabilize the peninsula. Most of this proxy war makes little sense: the threats emanating from Yemen are distorted and exaggerated, the stakes are actually relatively low (except for Yemenis), any imposed settlement is highly elusive, and the costs to those engaged may be high. For the U.S., it can be once again something of a lose-lose situation, where the enemy of my enemy is often also my enemy. The first myth is that this war represents yet a new front on a massive regional Sunni-Shiite struggle. The Houthis are simply one regional Zaydi clan who happen to be rebelling for an end to what they saw as discrimination and the corruption of Saleh and his successor — both Saudi-supported Shiites. The second myth is that the Houthis represent the cutting edge of Iranian imperialism in Arabia — as trumpeted by the Saudis.The Zaydi Shia, including the Houthis, over history have never had a lot to do with Iran. The third myth is that Saudi Arabia is fighting to “preserve stability in the Arabian Peninsula.” What the Saudis are doing is fighting to maintain overlordship in the Arabian peninsula (an Arabian Monroe Doctrine). A century ago, the Saudis seized traditionally Yemeni areas in the southwest corner of Saudi Arabia and forcibly imposed radical Wahhabi views there. But now it’s about more than just Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, Saudi Arabia has sought to forge a broad counter-revolutionary force to block any further regime change in the Arab world; it brands its new campaign as some kind of pan-Arab Sunni movement designed to face an ostensible “Persian/Shiite threat.” The fourth myth is that the U.S. has support in Yemen. Whatever support it has is extremely limited; its interests and policies in this dirt-poor country over the last decades have focused almost exclusively on counter-terrorism. In the process, the U.S. backed the three-decade dictatorship of Ali Abdullah Saleh and has been conducting dozens of drone strikes in the country that have caused many civilian deaths and stirred much anger. The choices for the U.S. are poor. But Houthi dominance in Yemen need not be a disaster in itself – by By Graham E. Fuller, former Vice Chairman, CIA National Intelligence Council



31.3.2015 – New York Times

Tired of War, Yemeni Bloggers Say, ‘Enough’

As the death toll mounts in Yemen, and airstrikes make life in the capital, Sana, a nerve-racking ordeal, Yemeni bloggers continue to post firsthand  dispatches on social networks, frequently tagged with the Arabic word kefaya, meaning “enough.”



31.3.2015 – National Geographic

As Yemen Descends Into Chaos, Key Questions and Answers

The conflict involves a bewildering number of domestic players, including the Shiite rebels and their backer, Yemen's ousted dictator; southern Sunni secessionists; and al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. (Read more about Yemen's deep divisions.) The fighting is now seen by many as a proxy war between the Saudis, who back Hadi, and Iran, which is suspected of supporting the Houthis, though there's no hard evidence of that. In late March Saudi Arabia launched air strikes against Houthi positions in Aden with the aim of restoring Hadi as president. Main items: What is the fighting in Yemen all about? Who are the Houthis? What's their beef? How did they rebound? What happened to Saleh? Does the United States have a stake in this? What exactly has been Saudi Arabia's role in Yemen? – by Joshua Hammer



31.3.2015 – NPR

Saudi Arabian Airstrikes Create Dangerous Situation In Yemen

PR's Robert Siegel speaks with Farea Al-Muslimi, who is reporting for NPR in the Yemeni capital of Sanaa and is also a visiting scholar with the Carnegie Foundation. He describes how the fighting in Yemen has created a humanitarian crisis inside the country. … It has been a sleepless seven nights in Yemen's captial along with bombings and antiaircraft. Most of those who cannot flee the capital already dead. Most of those who could not flee are still inside, but there is no basements in Yemen as much as you would expect. There is less safe areas than probably would have been in any other capital being bombed. This is especially true as hospitals and schools are built next to military bases. It's impossible how many thousands of children and women have to go through this every night - not actually been able sleep in addition to the overall fear happening in the country of schools closed, most public agencies - hospitals have shut, and also universities are closed. Most of the life is actually - in cities where the fighting is happening - has been equally paralyzed and frightening.



30.3.2015 – Rationalgalerie/ Neue Rheinische Zeitung

Deutsche Panzer bald im Jemen?

Wenn demnächst die ersten deutschen Leopard-Panzer von den Saudis zu einer geplanten Bodenoffensive in den Jemen geschickt werden - an der Grenze zum Jemen stehen sie schon seit Tagen - dann wird der deutsche Außenminister wahrscheinlich erneut Verständnis zeigen. Was der deutsche Medien-Konsument runterschlucken muss, ist deshalb ein gewisses Verständnis, weil auf der Seite der Saudis nicht nur die lupenreinen Demokratien Ägypten, Kuwait, Katar und andere Kunden der deutschen Waffen-Industrie stehen, sondern auch die zutiefst demokratischen Militärmächte Großbritannien und USA – von Ulrich Gellermann

http://www.rationalgalerie.de/home/steinmeier-versteht-die-saudis.html = http://www.nrhz.de/flyer/beitrag.php?id=21463


27.3.2015 – Antiwar.com

Lasst die Houthis im Jemen in Ruhe!

Die von den USA unterstützte Aggression Saudi Arabiens, gegen die Souveränität des Jemen, ist ein Schulbuchbeispiel wie lokale Konflikte internationalisiert werden - und die Lunte für regionale Konflikte und sogar globale Auseinandersetzungen werden…. Im Süden bildete sich eine sezessionistische Bewegung, ebenso wie bei den Zaydis im Norden (auch wenn diese sagten, sie wünschten lediglich Autonomie), und um das Ganze zu komplizieren, drang auch noch Al-Kaida in diese chaotische Gemengelage ein. Dies verschaffte der Zentralregierung in Sa'na die perfekte Ausrede, Intervention von Außen, zur Unterstützung der eigenen Interessen, anzufordern. … Als die ersten US-Helfer und "Berater" in den Jemen strömten, nutzte dies die Zentralregierung, um ihre de facto Diktatur zu zementieren. Die Regierungstruppen ignorierten weitgehend Al-Kaida, das sehr geringe Unterstützung hat, und keine wirkliche Bedrohung für die Autorität der Zentralregierung darstellt. Daher konzentrierte diese sich auf die Zerschlagung der südlichen Unabhängigkeitsbewegungen und ganz besonders auf die Aufständischen Houthi im Norden. Letztere haben ihre Wurzeln in der "Gläubigen Jugend" die versuchte, die zaydische Form der schiitischen religiösen Traditionen wiederzubeleben, um den Priestern des sunnitischen Fundamentalismus - den Vorläufern von Al-Kaida - etwas entgegen zu setzen. Was ihnen mit einigem Erfolg im Norden des Landes gelang. Die Houthi-Aufständischen widerstanden sowohl den Anstrengungen der Zentralregierung, als auch dem Versuch Saudi Arabiens, sie zu unterdrücken. Trotz der Behauptung, bzw. den von US-Medien verbreiteten Meldungen, dass der derzeitige Konflikt einer zwischen Saudi Arabien, und vom Iran unterstützten Rebellen wäre, ist ein Beweis für die Teheran - Houthi Verbindung nicht zu finden, einfach nicht existent. … Wie die meisten Probleme der Region, gehen auch diese im Jemen, auf den Irak-Krieg zurück…. Was im Jemen passiert, das ist ein lokales Problem, das streng beschränkt ist, und verursacht wird durch die lange und chaotische Geschichte des furchtbar armen Landes. Ausländische Interventionen, ob von den Briten, den Saudis, Al-Kaida oder von wem auch immer, führen lediglich zu endlosen Kriegen, und haben noch nie die Lebensbedingungen der Menschen, auch nur ein winziges bißchen verbessert. Nun nutzen die Amerikaner ihren "Krieg gegen den Terror", um ihren Willen durchzusetzen, und die jemenitische Politik zu bestimmen, obwohl sie überhaupt keine Ahnung haben, um was es geht, oder um was es gehen sollte. Washington und Riad internationalisieren einen Konflikt, der originär jemenitisch ist, und der nur durch die Jemeniten selbst gelöst werden kann

http://jomenschenfreund.blogspot.de/2015/03/lasst-die-houthis-im-jemen-in-ruhe.html und in Englisch:



26.3.2015 – offguardian

The war on Yemen signals US is going for broke on a global scale

If anyone doubted the US is going for broke on a global scale the Saudi attack on Yemen makes it impossible to do so any longer. Washington may claim it’s a bystander in this conflict, but that’s just a routine Washington lie. The US wants total control of the Middle East. The recent Houthi uprising in Yemen threatens that control and therefore has to be crushed. Enter the Saudis and other US vassals, willing as always to allow Washington to wear the fig leaf of deniability






Further reading – Weiterlesen 2



Yemen Index


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